Resource based economy
A resource based economy is a system based on the assessment of available resources and the development and distribution of those resources. A ‘resource’ can be a natural resource, like wind, oil, sun, water, plants and minerals. It can also be a human resource in the form of human ingenuity, human labour and human compassion. Lastly, it can be a technological resource defined by the level of technological advancement Humanity finds itself at any given time. The technological resource can play a huge role in the development and management of all the other resources, keeping in mind that the technological resource comes from the human resource of ingenuity. A resource based economy is a system where all the planet’s (and non-planetary, such as the sun’s) resources are taken into account in building and maintaining a sustainable and functional world for everyone.
A gift economy is a ‘system’, if one can call it that, where, instead of exchanging goods and services, those are given to each other. There is no ‘transaction’ taking place. The gift economy is alive and well in the institution closest to most people’s hearts, the family, and have been the traditional social system of man since time immemorial. In a family, goods and services are largely given, without any explicit agreement for immediate or future rewards. There is also a huge gift economy in the world today, in the form of voluntarism, with millions of people doing work for free for a host of good causes.
In a sense, the universe is a ‘gift economy’. At birth we are given all of what this universe and planet has to offer. Nature gives in abundance if we let it and don’t destroy it. Mothers gives in abundance their love to their children. Dad’s do out of love whatever it takes to take care of their families. Brothers and sisters help each other the world over to learn and love. Friends help friends, especially in times of need, but also bring them over for dinner. Birds give their song for free to sweeten a spring or summer’s day.
The internet is filled with free services. Software producers give the results of their work as freeware and shareware. And there are thousands of organizations that provide free goods and services all over the world. We see that there is a widespread praxis of the gift economy, where goods and services are provided for free for each other, helping people in need, or simply giving something for free, without any hidden agenda. I think we can safely say that without the gift economy the world would not go ’round.
Today, though, above the gift economy, is the market economy, trying in vain (if it is even trying) to develop, manage and distribute the planet’s resources in the best way. As we have seen during the last 100 years, the market economy is in no position to handle the planet’s resources in the best interest of everyone. The economy that works on the level of countries and in international affairs we call the ‘macro economy’. The economy between individuals and businesses we call ‘micro economy’.
So, what would be the winning combination in the ‘new world’? Well, I think the answer would be this:
Our ‘micro economy’ would be the Gift Economy. This would determine the economy between individuals and groups.
Our ‘macro economy’ would be the Resource Based Economy. This would determine the global resource based economic decisions.
Resource Based Economy and Gift Economy goes hand in hand. In a money-, barter- and trade-less society a Gift Economy has to be the basis for human interaction. The main value norms has to reflect the benefits of simply giving to each other, rather than trading or bartering. In a Gift Economy, trust plays a major role. Not just in each other, but also in Life itself, trusting that whatever need you have will be met. By all means, trust plays a big role in today’s economy also.
So, with the basic norms and values in place, we can truly start to build this planet to it’s optimum state. Optimum, that is, from today’s possibilities. It will of course always develop when we find new and better solutions. There’s no end to this. But, as said, with the norms and values of the Gift Economy as the foundation, we utilize the Resource Based Economy to develop, manage and allocate resources in accordance to the needs of Humanity, including all peoples, animals and plants and the whole biosystem of this planet and it’s surroundings.
I hereby announce the birth of THE RESOURCE BASED GIFT ECONOMY, with the word ‘gift’ emphasizing the importance of the value system and the mindset in this new economy. That we all have to work together in this, giving our time and knowledge freely to build this new world. To me, this was what was lacking in the concept of the resource based economy with the strong emphasis on technology.
Now, we have the human aspect in the Gift Economy, and the technological aspect in the Resource Based Economy. When we put the two together we get the ultimate solution to the dilemma we face today.